Friday, November 23, 2018

Women and Heart Disease

Heart Diseases are faced in both men and women. But for Women symptoms and risk factor varies. If unique symptoms of women are understood, the risk of heart disease can be reduced. Most commonly observed heart attack symptoms for women. The usual one is of pain, pressure or discomfort in the chest rarely women may have heart attack without any symptom. The other symptoms unrelated to chest pain Neck, jaw, shoulder, upper back or abdominal discomfort, Shortness of breath, Pain in one or both arms, Nausea or vomiting, Sweating, Lightheadedness or dizziness and Unusual fatigue. The chest pain as pressure or a tightness because women tend to have blockages not only in their main arteries but also in the smaller arteries that supply blood to the heart — a condition called small vessel heart disease or coronary micro vascular disease

Heart disease risk factors for women: The traditional risk factors are high cholesterol, high blood pressure and obesity: Diabetes, Mental stress and depression, Smoking, Inactivity, Menopause, Broken heart syndrome, certain chemotherapy drugs and radiation therapy for cancer, Pregnancy complications. To reduce their risk of heart disease, Quit or don't start smoking, Exercise regularly, Maintain a healthy weight, Eat a healthy diet that includes whole grains, a variety of fruits and vegetables, low-fat or fat-free dairy products, and lean meats, and Avoid saturated or trans fat, added sugars, and high amounts of salt. The above mentioned factors reduce the condition for Heart Disease and Heart Surgery.
The Regular exercise, maintaining the body mass index (BMI) reduced the risk factors. For few women routine use of daily aspirin therapy to prevent heart disease in low-risk women younger than 65 years old isn't recommended by American Heart Association (AHA). The intake of aspirin without doctor recommendation is not welcomed.

Thursday, November 1, 2018

Role of Drug in Heart Disease and Stroke

Pharmaceutical research companies are developing large amount of medicines for two of the leading causes of death in Americans—heart disease and stroke.Later, therapies promise to build on the progress made by existing treatments, which have helped cut deaths from heart disease.

                 Medicines designed by type and phase of development (For cardiovascular Diseases)

The death rates due to cardiovascular Disease were on the rise and doctors had few tools to treat their patients. Now, latest treatments are done for cardiovascular disease. New tools helped to decrease the number of death rates. Advancement in medicine leads to 30% decrease in death rate.
Progress against cardiovascular disease has had a profound impact on helping to control health care costs. Based on the survey in health affairs, 70% of the money is spent for congestive heart failure.

Two cases :
  • ·         The people who were treated with atrial fibrillation (AFib)—the most common form of arrhythmia will be at risk for a stroke than people without AFib. Intake of AFib requires continuous monitoring of blood, dosage adjustments and food restrictions

While the new drugs use different mechanisms of action—both have an easy treatment regimen—with one or two dosages daily
  • ·         Lipid Disorders—High Cholesterol -side effects by decreasing the average cholesterol level.


Studies published last year, found lifestyle factors have a huge impact on lowering the risk of heart disease and stroke, and in helping people extend their lives. People with “ideal cardiovascular health,” measured by health behaviours (not smoking, regular exercise and healthy diet) and health factors (ideal body mass index, cholesterol, blood pressure and blood glucose) had the lowest risk. Even with adequate cardiac care, prevention is still the most important factor in reducing cardiovascular disease.
Major risk factors include: • Family history and genetics • Smoking • High Blood Cholesterol and Other Lipids • Physical Inactivity • Overweight/Obesity

To know more about the issue reach us @Heart 2019

Pediatric cardiology

There are number of  heart  conditions that can affect children. Few children have structural differences by birth others involve the ele...